Modelling the Energy Efficiency:

Scope of the course:

  • knowledge of the principles of calculating the energy performance of a building,
  • preparing energy simulations using the selected tool,
  • learning the principles of designing energy-efficient buildings
  • assessment of the building’s impact on the environment
  • verification of building performance parameters with the requirements of building codes

Course outcomes:

– knowledge and understanding of topics related to building physics, energy efficiency, HVAC technologies, renewable energy sources in the context of climate change
– knowledge of legal regulations related to the energy efficiency of buildings
– awareness of the importance of issues related to the protection of the natural environment
– knowledge about sustainable design

Acquired skills:

– calculation of the building’s energy performance
– assessment of the building’s energy efficiency
– ability to calculate the building’s operational carbon footprint
– verification of building performance parameters with the requirements of building codes

Course scope:

– Overview of the UN climate policy
– Overview of the EU climate policy
– Overview of types of energy
– Overview of primary energy factors
– Location, orientation, zones, compactness of the building
– Building envelope, heat bridges
– Heat loses and gains, heat accumulation
– Solar gains
– Ventilation systems, airtightness
– Heating and domestic hot water installations
– Cooling systems
– Energy demands, Final energy, Primary Energy
– Renewable energy,
– Carbon footpring, costs

Course features:

  • 1 meeting per week
  • 2:15 h (with breaks)
  • Theory (presentation)
  • Practice (consultation)
  • Calculations on energy building performance
  • Work on EXCEL sheet

Conditions to pass the course:

  • Presence (max. 4 unjustified absences)
  • Preparation of the energy performace of the building (report)
  • Activity on meetings
  • Passing the final test (conversation about theory and your energy calculations)


  • Basics of building physics
  • Basic knowledge about building elements, materials and installations
  • Basic excel skills

Preparation of the energy performace of the building:

To start working on the energy performance of your building, you first need to have your project approved. To do this, send:
– site plan
– floors
– list of partitions and materials from which they are made

After the project will be approved, you will be able to perform calculations throughout the semester.

At the end of the semester, you will send your calculations in the form of a report for which you will receive a grade.

Supporting materials:

2002/91/WE Energy Performance of Buildings Directive (I)

2010/31/UE Energy Performance of Buildings Directive (II)

2018/844/UE Energy Performance of Buildings Directive (III)

COM/2021/802 Proposal for Recast of Energy Performance of Buildings Directive (IV)

The European Green Deal

‚Fit for 55’: delivering the EU’s 2030 Climate Target on the way to climate neutrality

A strategic long-term vision for a prosperous, modern, competitive and climate-neutral EU economy: Going climate-neutral by 2050

Report of the UN Secretary General U-THANT: ”Problems of the human Environment”

Club of Rome: The Limits to Growth

Stockholm Declaration

Brutland Report: Our Common Future

Global Program of Action for Cooperation in Development and Environmental Protection: Agenda 21


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  • Nesi, F., Passivhaus, Santarcangelo 2017.
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  • Lewis, S., PHPP Illustrated: A Designer’s Companion to the Passive House Planning Package, London 2017
  • Moskovitz, J.T., The Greenest Home: Superinsulated and Passive House Design, New York, 2013
  • Brackney, L., Building Energy Modeling with OpenStudio, Berlin 2018
  • Mahmoud, R., Kamara, J.M., Burford, N., An Analytical Review of Tools and Methods for Energy Performance Simulation in Building Design, 36th CIB W78 2019 Conference, 2019, pp. 1008-1021,
  • Szokolay, S.V., Introduction to Architectural Science. The Basisi of Sustainable Design, Amsterdam 2008
  • Traynor, J., EnerPHit: A Step by Step Guide to Low Energy Retrofit, London 2019.
  • Cotterell, J., Dadeby, A., The Passivhaus Handbook. A practical guide to constructing and retrofitting buildings for ultra-low energy performance, Cambridge 2012
  • Garg, V., Building Energy Simulation, London 2017
  • Crawley, D., Lawrie, L., Winkelmann, C., Buhl, W.F., Huang, Y.J., Pedersen, O., Strand, R.K., Liesen, J., Fisher D.E., Witte, M.J., Glazer, J., EnergyPlus: creating a new-generation building energy simulation program, „Energy and Buildings”, 2001, pp.319-331
  • Abdullah, A., Aksamija, A., Cross., B., Whole Building Energy Analysis: A Comparative Study of Different Simulation Tools and Applications in Architectural Design, “ACEEE Summer Study on Energy Efiiciency in Buildings”, 2014, pp. 11.1-11.12
  • Paramita, B., Rabbani, B.A., Sari, D. C. P., Energy Optimization on Preliminary Design of The Botani Museum using Sefaira, “International Journal of Engineering and Advanced Technology (IJEAT)”, 2019, pp. 2614-2618
  • Amalia, M., Paramita, B., Minggra, R., Koerniawan, M.D., Efficiency Energy on Office Building in South Jakarta, “IOP Conf. Series: Earth and Environmental Science”, 2020, pp.1-6,
  • Oduyemi, O., Okoroh, M., Building performance modelling for sustainable building design, “International Journal of Sustainable Built Environment”, 2015, pp. 461-469,
  • Hamid, M.F.A., Ramli, N.A., Kamal, N.M.F.S.N.M., An Analysis of Energy Performance of a Commercial Building Using Energy Modeling, 2017 IEEE Conference on Energy Conversion (CENCON), 2017, pp. 105-110,



Two centuries of Climate Science – part 1, 2, 3

Global Carbon Atlas

ICAO Carbon Emissions Calculator

Passive House Institute


Paris Agreement

Concerted Action EPBD